Long Island New York

Learn About Long Island NY

Long island is approximately 125 miles long and 80 miles wide at its widest point. Located in the southeastern side of New York State, east of NYC and surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean on 3 sides. Along the coast is Jones State Park, Fire Island and Montauk Point State Park. Along the east end  of Long Island is North Fork, home to wineries.  On the east side are ‘The Hamptons’ , towns that are characterized as upscale homes, trendy restaurants and loads of antique shops. 

There are 2 counties on Long Island, Suffolk and Nassau. Suffolk is located more on the east end of the island and is characterized as being more affordable, while Nassau is just east of NYC.

What is Long Island Famous for?

Due to its proximity to the city, and surrounded by water, Long Island is a year round destination with diverse attractions from the beaches at The Hamptons, to Fire Island, Jones Beach to historic Gold Coast Mansions. Beautiful vineyards, great food and dining establishments, boutique shopping and charming downtowns. 

Long Island Towns

Long Island is comprised of counties, two cities (Long Beach and Glen Cove), numerous local towns, townships, villages, hamlets and designated places.
  • County: A county is a municipal corporation, a subdivision of the state, created to perform state functions; a “regional government. All counties are divided into cities, towns and Indian reservations
  • City: A city is a unique government entity with its own special charter. Cities are not sub-divided, except into neighborhoods which are informal geographic areas.
  • Town: A town is a municipal corporation and encompasses all territory within the state except that within cities or Indian reservations. Towns can be sub-divided into villages and hamlets
  • Village: A village is a general purpose municipal corporation formed voluntarily by the residents of an area in one or more towns to provide themselves with municipal services. The pattern of village organization is similar to those of a city. A village is divided into neighborhoods, which are informal geographic areas.
  • Hamlet: A hamlet is an unincorporated area in one or more towns that is governed at-large by the town(s) it is in. A hamlet is divided into neighborhoods, which are informal geographic areas.
  • Postal Zone: A postal zone “City and “Town” is an administrative district established by the U.S. Postal Service to deliver the mail. Postal zone “City” and “Town” may or may not conform to municipal or community border. Thus, postal zone location does not always determine city, village or hamlet location
  • Designated Place: A designated place is a term derived from the term “Census Designated Place” or CDP in censuses beginning with 1980. It replaced the designation (U) or unincorporated. A designated place is similar to that of a hamlet. 


Long Island Weather

Long Island has a climate that is very similar to other coastal areas of the Northeastern United States; it has warm, humid summers and cold winters, but the Atlantic Ocean helps bring afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms. In the wintertime, temperatures are warmer than areas further inland (especially in the night and early morning hours), sometimes causing a snowstorm further inland to fall as rain on the island. However, measurable snow falls every winter, and in many winters one or more intense storms called nor’easters produce blizzard conditions with snowfalls of 1-2 feet and near-hurricane force winds.
Temperatures in Nassau and Suffolk are similar. The winter average for Nassau is 33.7 degrees Fahrenheit, compared to a summer average of 72.7 degrees. In Suffolk, the winter average is 32.4 and summer average is 71.9 degrees.
The Nassau area receives about 45 inches of rain, compared to 42 inches for Suffolk. Snow falls at about 26.9 inches per year in Nassau and 30 inches for Suffolk.
A beach in The Hamptons of Suffolk County NY